Administrative Monetary Penalties

Did you receive an Administrative Monetary Penalty (AMP)?

AMPS were created for municipalities to generate revenue via bylaws and other minor infractions without
using institutional and court resources. They are run by the city and the screening and hearing officers are both city employees and not Justices of the Peace. There is no court process, no trial, and no right to disclosure, as you would normally have.

This was decided in 2015 as a means to cut down the amount of volume being seen in POA court,
allowing resources to focus on more “serious” charges.

Scary enough, in 2015 the government proposed to turn ALL tickets into AMPs– so all traffic tickets would potentially go through the same process. Thankfully, due to a lot of fighting back from the paralegal community, that was not successful.

This all came on the back of a supreme court case called Guindon v Canada which ruled on the distinction
between criminal and regulatory penalties for the purposes of our right to due process under section 11 of the Canadian Charter of Rights & Freedoms.

This court ruled that AMPs are generally considered to be administrative in nature and thus not subject to the legal protections under the Charter. There are normal standads of judicial review but only for matters that would be considered disproportionate, such as hundreds of thousands of dollars.

The Matt Lannon Memorial Golf Tournament

SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 10, 2023 at the Royal Niagara

Scramble Tournament

Lighthouse Legal Services is honoured to be a sponsor of The Matt Lannon Memorial Golf Tournament. This tournament was created to raise money for local programs in the Niagara Region in Ontario that focus on mental health and suicide prevention. 

​In September, 2020, we lost our brother, son and friend, Matt Lannon to suicide. We want to turn a very dark time into a bright moment.  By creating this event, it allows us all to be surrounded by so much love and laughter. 

Please consider making a donation or sponsorship for this event– CLICK HERE to learn about Matt and the programs that the proceeds will be going to.


Sponsorship Alert!

Lighthouse Legal Services is happy to announce the sponsorship of the Bud Lights women’s hockey team in Cambridge, Ontario!

Jenna has also become a director of the non-profit behind the team, which aims to encourage womens’ participation in sport.

Stay tuned for more information about the team and the non-profit.

Meet the Fight the Fines Team

The Fight the Fines Campaign in Ontario

The Fight the Fines campaign is a pro bono legal service organized and supported by The Democracy Fund, a charitable non-profit legal clinic supported solely by donations. With the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic and provincial restrictions in Ontario came a new legal landscape with thousands of people and businesses being charged for various reasons under various statutes– both provincial and federal. Fight the Fines was created in 2021 to support those unable to afford or find legal representation for their matters. They vary from basic Trespass To Property Tickets with a $65 fine to quasi-criminal corporate charges with fines in the millions.

With over 2,000 people in need, TDF enlisted Jenna Little to spearhead their campaign, organize the clients and defense in Ontario, and fight the fines. She couldn’t do this alone!

Jenna Little, MBA graduated from Humber College with a diploma in Court & Tribunal Agents in 2004. She then completed a Bachelor of Arts in Psychology at York University, and then a Maser of Business Administration at the Unversity of Fredericton in 2018. That same year, she also completed the Osgoode Certificate in Provincial Offences Practice. She has extensive experience defending provincial offences and case management. She is passionate about arguing Charter applications, crafting appeals, legal research and writing, and making novel arguments. She is based out of Pickering, Ontario.

Kaitlyn Dumais, BA Hons. 

Kaitlyn completed her Honours Bachelor of Arts at the University of Toronto, studying Religion, Society and Ethics, and graduated with distinction in 2010. She went on to pursue paralegal studies, graduated with high honours and was licensed as a paralegal in 2013. She has worked mainly in criminal law and provincial offences throughout her career. Kaitlyn is passionate about issues arising in the intersection of mental health, ethics and the law. She joined the Fight the Fines team intially to assist with out-of-province matters in 2021 and now works solely on cases in Ontario; she based out of Etobicoke, Ontario.

Mark Cardy, BA

Mark graduated from the University of Guelph in 2010 with a major in Criminal Justice and Public Policy. He Completed his Paralegal Studies diploma from Sir Stanford Flemming College in 2014. His focus is trial and Charter advocacy with an emphasis on defending serious, quasi-criminal matters. He has also represented clients in matters concerning minor, summary conviction, criminal charges laid under the Criminal Code of Canada. He is based out of Napanee, Ontario.

Kristen Jarvis

Kristen obtained a paralegal diploma from St. Clair College in 2016. Her primary focus was initially on employment law related matters as well as the defence of provincial offence charges involving a wide variety of violations including traffic tickets, commercial vehicle violations, snowmobile operation charges, among other issues. She joined the team in 2022 and is based out of Windsor, Ontario

Sandra Pollock

Sandra completed her honours diploma in Paralegal Studies at Westervelt College in 2016. She has worked in the provincial offences scope since graduating and has become a general practitioner in recent years. She joined the team in 2022 and is based out of Brantford, Ontario.

How to Choose the Best Paralegal for YOUR Case

Choosing the best paralegal for your case can be difficult. With so many paralegals to choose from, how do you know who to pick? The best way to find the right paralegal is by knowing what type of case you have and what your needs are. There are a few things you should consider when looking for a paralegal:

Scope: What kind of legal issue are you having? Paralegals have scopes, so you will want to hire one who specializes in the area you need help in, such as Provincial Offences or Small Claims. Hiring a “jack of all trades” will not give you the professional expertise you really need if you have a particularly serious or complex matter. Here are Lighthouse Legal Services, we specialize in only one scope: quasi-criminal and regulatory offences, also known as Provincial Offences. That’s it! There’s no need for us to muddy the waters with any other kind of law– we want to master this scope, period.

Experience: How long has the paralegal been practicing? Has he or she dealt with cases similar to yours before? Have they run many trials and do they know all the players in your specific court? You want someone who has been around for a long time, knows the ins and outs of each court (they are all unique!), and has the experience to support the type of fight and passion you want from a representative.

Cost: How much will your case cost? Are there any extra fees that might be added on during the process? Are you willing to pay more for a paralegal with more experience? When dealing with an accident matter, or something that is intense with serious consequences for you, going the “cost effective” route may not be your best option, because you could be sacrificing service, experience, and attention, but you need to ensure your fees are affordable at the same time.

Big firm vs. small firm (or sole practitioner): Here are Lighthouse Legal Services, we’ve worked with the “big firms”. We know how they operate and how your file will be treated. If you want a boutique experience, including specialized attention to your file by one or two people max, and personalized communication, you will probably want to go for a smaller firm or sole practitioner. Sole practitioners and smaller firms are also more available to you: they can text you when you would like, speak to you on the phone when they aren’t in court and on weekends when you aren’t at work, and can generally give you more attention than big firms. You aren’t a case number with Lighthouse Legal Services– you are a valued client!

Your initial interaction: How do you feel when you speak with this person? Do you have a good rapport and do you feel comfortable? Were they able to make you feel calmer about your situation? Were they able to give you an idea of what to expect out of your case, and the pros and cons of your choices at first? How did that make you feel? Did you feel comfortable asking questions and for clarification, if needed? Do you feel you are able to contact them without feeling like you are “bugging” them (we hope you never feel this way with us!)? Did you feel pressure to retain them right away?

We hope that these tips are helpful when thinking about which paralegal to retain. There are many firms and practitioners out there, so you need to choose the one that is right for you. If you decide that firm is Lighthouse Legal Services, great!

Senior Drivers & Licenses

Are you a senior driver looking for quick information about your licensing conditions? Look no more!

If you are 70 years of age or older and a G or M driver involved in a collision

Anyone who is 70 or older and holds a G or M class license and is involved in an collision will have to do an examination that includes:

• A written test regarding the rules of the road
• An in-car test
• Medical and physical exams, tests, and procedures to determine fitness to drive
• A vision test

Regardless of what happens with your ticket, or even if you weren’t issued a ticket, you will be facing a test if you are over 70 years of age and involved in a collision.

If you are 80 years of age or older and a G or M driver in general

Anyone who is 80 or older and holds a G or M class license will need to do an examination every two years to keep their license. You will have to:

• Take a vision test
• Undergo a driver record review
• Participate in a 45-minute Group Education Session (GES)
• During the GES, complete two, brief, non-computerized in-class screening assignments
• If necessary, take a road test

Note: There is no charge for any of the license-renewal requirements– you only have to pay the license-renewal fee.

If you are a commercial driver 65 to 80 years of age

Anyone who is 65 to 80 years of age and holds an A, B, C, D, E, or F class license and is involved in an accident or accumulates more than two demerit points will need to do an examination that includes:

• A written test regarding the rules of the road
• An in-vehicle test — in the vehicle that you are authorized to drive
• An in-vehicle test, in the vehicle that you are authorized to drive but is equipped with air brakes
• An examination of your knowledge of air brakes, their function, and safe operation of
• Medical and physical exams, tests, and procedures to determine fitness to drive
• A vision test

Anyone under the age of 80 who holds a class A, B, C, D, E, or F license will have to do the above mentioned examination every five years, but depending on your age will have to demonstrate that you continue to meet the qualifications at different years.

Anyone 80 years or older with a class A, B, C, D, E, or F license will have to do the above exam every year and demonstrate that you continue to meet the qualifications every year.

All of this information is located in sections 15 & 16 of Ontario Regulation 340/94 of the Highway Traffic Act.

Drive Hand Held Communication Devices Update – Legislative Changes

Legislative changes to Communication Devices (Cell Phone Tickets)

Recently, In December of 2017 the Ontario Liberal Government toughened up the penalties for Drive hand-held communication device charges. The ticket would formerly cost you $490 and 3 demerit points. Now, the ticket will cost you a minimum of $500 + Court Costs, and Victim Fine Surchage, which should surpass the $600 mark for the total fine on the ticket. Additionally, the ticket will now carry a 3 day suspension upon your first conviction. A 7 day suspension on a subsequent conviction, and 30 day suspension on a second subsequent conviction.

The government has also put limitations on what resolutions are available at Court. In Richmond Hill and Newmarket Traffic Court, there was a possibility of resolving a s. 78.1(1) Drive hand-held communication device ticket to an owner violation charge under s. 207. The s. 207 resolution would not affect a Defendant’s driving record, and would just carry a fine. Most Defendant’s would accept this resolution to avoid a trial. This system would allow the courts to resolve matters, and free-up court time, while still sending the message of general and specific deterrence to the Defendant and the Public.

So what does this all mean? Well first off, since the resolution of 207 is off the table, it will give Defendant’s less options to consider. Will you be able to get a 0 demerit point resolution? Maybe, but it will be much more difficult than before. The likelihood now is will be seeing more and more Drive hand-held communication device Trials being conducted because of the new suspension penalties.

The new penalties come in to effect on January 1, 2019

Ontario to Get Tougher on Careless Driving

Careless Driving Proposed Legislation

Wynne's Ontario Liberals

Careless Driving Penalties to get Tougher

Wynne’s Ontario Liberals are proposing tougher penalties for Careless Driving offences, where a death has occurred. The new penalties will include a significant increase to the maximum fines, an increase in licence suspension, and longer imprisonment. The Toronto Star reported that the increases are a result of the increased driving fatalities that have occurred in Toronto.

The new penalties

Fine $2,000 to $50,000

Suspension up to 5 years

Imprisonment up to 2 years

The existing penalties

Fine $400 to $2,000

Suspension up to 2 years

Imprisonment up to 6 months (Only under Part 3 proceedings)

More changes to the Legislation

Careless Driving is not the only change that may occur if the law passes and receives royal ascent. Distracted driving, and hand held communication device charges could also have their penalties toughened up. Cell phone tickets could reach up to $3,000 in fines, and carry a 30 day suspension.

Pro’s and Con’s

Will tougher penalties save lives on Ontario’s roads? The proposed legislation may benefit road safety, but some of the newest legislation has had the opposite affect, and has created a recipe for dangerous situations. Distracted driving laws, and the tougher penalties that have been imposed over the last several years have caused some motorists to use their phones in their laps, out of sight from potential law enforcers which is considered an even greater distraction. HOV lane changes, and the prohibition of not being able to switch lanes, has caused many motorists to make consecutive lane changes in one movement in order for the motorists to make their exit.

Road safety might only be served through lengthy suspensions, but I do not see fines and imprisonment having a positive affect for preventing future accidents. Most defendant’s of fatality matters, are suffering from tremendous emotional stress from being involved in an accident, and to add to that stress with extremely tough penalties may not remedy road safety. Most people I have defended don’t even want to drive anymore after being in a tragic accident, they are too emotionally distraught. A $50,000 won’t even go to the victim’s families, it goes to our Regional Governments. Furthermore, Careless Driving is seen as a “blanket charge”, which is laid in almost every accident situation, even in accident’s where clearly no one is at fault. So now the issue becomes in fatality accidents where maybe no one is at fault, the defendant is facing a greater wall to climb over, which may not be fair. Remember sometimes accidents are just accidents.



Hiring Legal Representation

Hiring a Traffic Lawyer or Traffic Paralegal

If you have received a traffic ticket, chances are you are doing your research on how to try and defend yourself from the charge(s). So what factors should you consider when hiring legal representation?

  1. Do some research

Find out if the legal service provider is qualified & specializes in defending the charge(s) you are facing.

  1. Know who will act for you

Ask to speak directly with the Court Agent who will be acting for you, when you contact the firm you are considering hiring. You need to know who is going to be acting for you in Court! You need to know what their qualifications are and what actual experience they have!

It is always best to insist on speaking directly with the actual person who will be defending your charge(s) in Court.

Keep in mind that some Companies have Sales staff working in their offices who may answer the telephones and will accept you as a Client. But, they have never actually been in Court themselves defending a client. They may not be the person who will stand up and defend you in Court. Their role is administrative only.

  1. Ask Questions

You should understand fully what services the firm will be providing to you and what steps you’re Representative will be undertaking on your behalf, in order to effectively fight your traffic ticket(s) for you.

  1. Reputation

Check Google Reviews. Look for authentic testimonials.

In order to properly gauge the satisfaction level of the customer experience with each legal firm that you speak with. You can also ask your family, co-workers & friends who’ve used the services of a specific Traffic Ticket firm or representative previously. Take the time to check out who you feel will work hard to defend you.

Lighthouse is proud of its reputation.  We value all of the heartfelt Thank You’s & the many positive testimonials we receive.

It can be stressful when you receive a Traffic Ticket. At Lighthouse we prepare thoroughly and always aim to win for you. We continuously strive to improve our services and our Clients customer service experience(s).

  1. Trust your choice

Hiring a legal representative, is like choosing a new family doctor. You should feel comfortable, and trust your legal representative. A licensed lawyer or paralegal owes you a fiduciary duty, so make sure you feel comfortable with the legal firm and the representative you choose.

If you are looking for a Competent, Capable and Confidential personalized service you are invited to Call “Lighthouse Legal Services” at 647-528-5422

  1. Cost 

When hiring a legal service provider, keep in mind that your cost will depend on what type of service you are seeking or need, as the prices will vary.

For instance if you need to hire a representative to handle the filing of a ticket; obtaining disclosure and appearing in court on your behalf, perhaps it’s on a speeding charge, then the cost for that service alone , would be different than the cost to also conduct a Trial.

Running a Trial results in higher costs because the legal services firm you choose (such as Lighthouse) will need to also devote greater resources from start to finish to thoroughly research & vigorously defend your case.

Also some firms may offer Flat fixed fees (one single price). Or they may offer a retainer fee (you pay them for each billable hour). This is where the fee for legal services can ultimately increase beyond your initial down payment (retainer deposit) depending on the amount of work undertaken and the number of hours that the firm works on your behalf.

At Lighthouse we always take the time upfront, to explain to our Clients their options. We also provide clients with a clear explanation as to how much a service will cost them, before our Clients need to make decision.

We value the trust our Clients place in us when they retain our services. You can count on us to always strive to ensure that our Clients get the best value for any fees they pay for us to represent them.

The Lighthouse Legal Services Difference:

Our firm handles all types of Ticket Defences and Appeals. However, we specialize primarily in Careless Driving accident defence. Which is a very serious charge. Brian Morris is expert in representing clients in the Ontario Traffic Courts and has a proven track record in fighting the charge of Careless Driving at Trial

If you are interested in learning more about how “Lighthouse” can help you achieve the very best results possible with any of your Traffic Ticket(s) … Contact us now for a FREE initial consultation.

Case Law

Our system of Justice in Ontario stems from the British common law system of Stare Decisis (Latin for previously decided cases). Not many people enjoy reading case law. But having the right case law to reference in your defence, could prove to be the determining and deciding factor.

Why is case law important?

Previously decided cases can “bind” lower courts to follow their previous decisions. So if you were facing a careless driving charge in Newmarket, Ontario, or in any other Court, you or your representative may want to research case law decisions focused on careless driving.

These previously decided case may or may not help you with your defence. But it’s important to research and review them for similarities.

Plus, there are case law decisions, that cover disclosure, charter right violations, officer’s evidence, hearsay evidence, and the list goes on. So case law can certainly assist with preparing a strong defence, if the case law is properly researched, interpreted and applied.

Having a representative with education in law, or a Paralegal program is an asset, as they will have been taken classes dedicated to legal research.

Can I do my own case law research?

Yes you absolutely can. However, understanding the content and referencing & applying it in Court is a different story.

I have witnessed others trying to present case law but they were at a disadvantage as they lacked the proper legal training. While it is admirable that unrepresented individuals try to do it themselves, their application of case law rarely succeeds, as they will often choose the wrong case law or misinterpret the case law they use when presenting a defence.

While doing some research on your own is fine, consider this, if your plumbing pipes in your kitchen were to burst, would you try and fix the problem yourself?  Or would you hire an experienced and qualified plumber?

When it comes to your driving licence and record, you may be much better served by retaining someone trained and experienced to answer the charges and competently present appropriate and focused defence(s).

Making case law ?

Not all legal representatives ( Paralegals ) will have successfully presented defences for their Clients that led to Case Law, in the Justice’s ruling. Some representatives may be concerned at the risk of creating an adverse case law decision, against future defence arguments.

It is advisable, if you are considering launching an Appeal, against a conviction, that you seriously consider retaining someone who has the prior experience of defending Clients that led to the creation of case law before.

Experience, and a proven track record are two important factors when considering who to retain. In an Appeal setting, if you are thinking of going it alone ( which we do not recommend ) just keep in mind, that you will be arguing before a Judge, who will have had a minimum service of at least 10 years as a lawyer before becoming a Judge. Whether you are appearing before a Justice of the Peace or before a Judge to answer to charges or for an Appeal hearing, you are always better off, if you put forward the best defence you can. That’s where Lighthouse Legal Services can help……

Why Hire You?

Great question!

It’s important to hire someone you can TRUST, and feel comfortable that they have your best interests in mind at all times.

Choosing the right Paralegal, one who is experienced, dedicated and hard-working is a good start.  You may also want to ask around, and retain someone who others have retained previously and can recommend. Personal experiences and recommendations may be the best deciding factor.

There are many individuals and companies to choose from. Lighthouse Legal Services likes to pride itself on exemplary personalised customer service.

Brian Morris is the owner of Lighthouse Legal Services. As a licensed Paralegal, he has successfully defended thousands of Clients. Brian is extremely dedicated and works hard to provide the best defence possible for all of his Clients.

Some of his clients Trial decisions and successful outcomes have led to the Courts creating case law, for Careless Driving.

Brian put forward arguments and evidence that was ultimately relied upon by the Court to define what a “Driver” is in Ontario.  He has also successfully appealed amber light convictions.

If you are wondering who to hire, to help you to Appeal a conviction. Hiring a Paralegal who understands Appeal strategies is an important consideration,

Not knowing or utilizing the correct strategy can make a huge difference. Brian has the proven experience to know what cases to take forward to Appeal, and which cases to turn away.

An equally important consideration to bear in mind, is Brian’s honesty and ethical approach. He only accepts those Clients he genuinely feels he can successfully help.

If after speaking with you, Brian determines that your appeal is in his opinion, frivolous and /or without merit and is unlikely to be successful, he will tell you. And he may determine not to let you hire him.

However, if he considers that you do have sufficient grounds to go forward with an Appeal, he will do all he can to help you succeed.

Brian is always happy to consult with you if you are unsure as to whether or not you have sufficient grounds to proceed.

Contact us at Lighthouse Legal Services

*Initial consultations at Lighthouse Legal Services are always free.

Seat Belt On or OFF?

Driver Exemptions for Seat Belt

There are several exceptions that exist in law, which can exempt you from having to wear your seat belt. While, it is advisable to wear your seat belt, ( as it can protect you from serious injury )  some individuals are just not in the position to wear it for a variety of reasons. The following conditions may exempt you from wearing a seat belt. For example:

  1. If you have a medical condition that prohibits you from wearing it, or due to your build, size, and physical characteristics . (Backed up with a Doctor’s Note/certificate advising your inability to wear a seat belt)
  2. While you are in the course of business, making frequent deliveries while travelling under 40 km/hr
  3. While reversing your vehicle.
  4. Employment exemptions, as defined in the Regulations.

If you are unable to wear it for a valid medical reason, please ensure that you visit your doctor first to enquire  if you qualify for an exemption.

  1. 106(2) Driver – Fail to Properly Wear Seat Belt

Wearing it properly

Remember that you are required to wear the seat belt assembly “properly”. If you have a shoulder strap, you cannot tuck it away under your arm. You can be issued a seat belt ticket for not wearing it properly.

Passengers Under 16 years Old

Make sure that if you have any passengers under the age of 16 years old, travelling with you, that they are also wearing their seat belt. If you do not, don’t be surprised if you get a traffic ticket.

Passengers 16 years and Older

Anyone 16 years or older is responsible for their own seat belt being worn properly. Passengers 16 years and older can receive their own traffic ticket, as a result of not wearing a seatbelt properly, even if they don’t have a driver’s licence.

If you have any other questions or concerns regarding this post, or have a seat belt ticket, please contact us at Lighthouse Legal Services for a free consultation.

Why did I get a Careless Driving Ticket?

Why was I charged with Careless Driving?

Many people we encounter, don’t always understand why they were charged with Careless Driving, for a minor fender bender.

Careless Driving, after all is a very serious traffic ticket.  But it is best not to despair if you have received a Traffic Ticket charge for Careless Driving.

The following information may answer some of the questions you may have about Careless Driving.

To begin with, Careless Driving is laid against driver’s for a variety of reasons. From simple fender benders, to serious fatal collisions.

The charge can also be laid for a variety of minor to serious accident scenarios. But, it can also be laid against you even when you haven’t been involved in an accident.

So, now you may be wondering, how can that be?  How can a charge of Careless Driving be laid against a driver for everything from a serious, or a minor collision, to no accident at all?

The short answer is, the Police can charge drivers for accidents they perceive to have been caused by a lack of due care and attention. Or where they perceive you were driving without reasonable consideration for others using the highway, or for both reasons.

Think of Careless Driving as a blanket charge, that can be used in a variety of different scenarios. An accident does not need to occur, for you to be charged with this offence.

However, it is a charge that is regularly laid against the majority of drivers, whenever they are involved in collisions in Ontario.

I do not think I was Driving Carelessly!

Sometimes accidents are just accidents, and no one is to blame. In other situations, accidents may well have been caused by a driver. But that doesn’t automatically make you guilty of Careless Driving.

There are so many factors and variables to consider in each situation or accident, and those factors will need to be assessed & considered to the most relevant & leading Case Law in Ontario and Canada.

So while you may have been involved in an accident, and you may think you could be found to be at fault. You may not actually be at fault, for violating the Highway Traffic Act, relevant to a charge of Careless Driving.

It really comes down to a case by case analysis, but you would be wise to consult with a an experience & Licensed Paralegal.

Lighthouse Legal Services would be pleased to offer you a *FREE consultation, so that you can learn more about your options.

Should I Speak to the Police?

That is entirely your hoice. You have a Charter Right to Remain Silent, but if you choose to speak to the police, you should know that anything you say can be used against you in Court.

So if you are charged for instance with Careless Driving, your statement can be used against you at Trial.

In my experience, the majority of Defendants who give a statement, without first obtaining advice from a trained and licensed Paralegal, can end up receiving a ticket for Careless Driving.

The Officer told me to fight my Ticket?

It can be a confusing process if a Police Officer hands you a ticket, and also advises you to go to Court fight it.  I can’t give you an explanation as to why this occurs, but in my opinion, I believe that the Police Officers understand the seriousness and potential consequences of laying a Careless Driving charge.

And simply paying the amount on the ticket, and not successfully defending against the charge could result in you being dropped by your insurance provider, and also possibly placed into high-risk category for future vehicle insurance.

During most traffic stops, the Police Officers do take the time to explain to you the options laid out on the back of the Traffic ticket. But be mindful, that no Defendant should be taking legal advice from the Police, since they are in the business of law enforcement and will be trying to convict you if they charged you.

It is important that you Seek proper legal advice if you have been charged with Careless Driving to explore what your legal options are available.

Why should I Hire You if I’ve been charged with Careless Driving?

Your Traffic Ticket charge(s) could be quashed, stayed, acquitted, or dismissed by the Court, depending on a variety of factors.

You are going to have a much better chance of successfully defending, or winning at Trial, against the very serious charge of Careless Driving,  if you have retained an experienced and qualified legal representative.

Knowing how to get a positive result can be the key to preparing, presenting & achieving a successful defence against a charge of Careless Driving, or appealing a conviction.

At Lighthouse Legal Services, Brian Morris is considered the Best Advocate for Careless Driving Trials, and Appeals. His defence arguments and successful Trial decisions in Traffic Court have previously led to the Court creating case law for Careless Driving cases throughout Ontario.

Those case law decisions are binding on the lower Courts to follow in the appropriate circumstances.

At Lighthouse Legal Services

  • We know the laws, procedures, and rules of the Court
  • We know how to develop the best possible strategies to achieve success
  • We know what questions to ask, & how to ask those questions
  • We have Case Law expertise, and will thoroughly research all major rulings that relate to Careless Driving, and the case law that relates to Provincial Offences Trials
  • We strive to capably represent & protect your  Charter of Rights
  • We competently identify case issues

If you have been charged with Careless Driving,

Contact us today for a Free consultation.

Methods of Speed Enforcement

Speeding Tickets

One of the most common traffic ticket violations given to drivers is Ontario is speeding. Speed enforcement conducted by the police can include radar device, laser speed device, aircraft speed enforcement of pacing.

Local and Provincial Police, commonly use radar devices to conduct speed enforcement. Generally, these devices can be used by police in a stationary position, or while in motion.

So, if you see a police cruiser approaching you from the other direction, chances are they may have an active radar device in “approach” or “away” mode, which can register your speed. It is also important to note, that these devices have testing procedures.   The procedures guide & instruct the operator in how to properly work the device, and how to ensure that the device is in proper working order.

Laser Device

Unlike radar, Laser speed enforcement is used in stationary positions only. Similar to radar devices, the laser speed devices also have setup procedures to ensure the Police officer is using the device properly, and to see if the device is properly functioning.

Aircraft Speed Enforcement

You often see road signs warning motorists on 400 series highways about aircraft speed enforcement. It’s true that the police do patrol and enforce speeding laws by aircraft. The process of speed enforcement with aircraft is not too sophisticated. The police officer simply uses a stop-watch to time a motor vehicle between highway road markers. Then simple math is used to calculate speed through distance over time.


This method of speed enforcement is the least familiar to drivers and defendants.

The police can charge you with a speeding offence, if they are able to pace you at a constant speed for a given period of time.  This method of speed enforcement has been known to happen primarily on 400 series highways, but can also occur on regional roads. Unmarked cruisers are more suited and used for this type of speed enforcement for obvious reasons.

Insurance scams

Beware of phony insurance

Beware of phony auto insurance policies. I have met Defendants who were not my clients, that claimed they purchased vehicle insurance from someone at a coffee shop. Now this is problematic for several reasons, as you are most likely not insured legally. And in the event of an accident you may be personally liable. So our advice to you, is to avoid purchasing insurance policies from strangers at coffee shops.

What happens if you don’t pay for legitimate auto insurance?

From a police perspective, you will most likely be charged with an offence under the Compulsory Automobile Insurance Act, specifically Owner Operate a Motor Vehicle – Without Insurance.

For a first offence, you are facing a minimum $5,000 fine plus court costs and victim fine surcharges, which totals approximately $6,185.

Remember, that is the minimum you can be facing, as a maximum fine of $25,000 plus court costs and victim fine surcharge, can surpass a total of $30,000. On a subsequent second offence, the fine doubles!

So it is your responsibility to ensure that any Insurance you purchase is from a legitimate Insurance Company

Demerit Points

Many people believe, that since No Insurance charges do not carry demerit points, it won’t affect their insurance rates and premiums?

That belief is incorrect.  Since Convictions; the frequency of how many convictions you receive, and the nature of your convictions can all affect your insurance rates and Premiums.

There are numerous other factors that insurance companies use to determine insurance fee adjustments. To fully understand those possible increases to your insurance rates, you are advised to check with your insurance company directly.

As only your Insurer can provide you with correct answers

Fighting and Defending No Insurance

If you believe you have a defence to the charge of No Insurance, or you are not quite sure, but think you may have a defence to the charge, you are invited to contact us.

We can help guide you through the legal process, and can help to understand your options and also defend you against the charge(s).

We have had great success in defending thousands of No Insurance charges, and have saved our Clients thousands of dollars.

Contact us for a FREE consultation.

Clean Driving Records

How do you define what qualifies as a Clean driving record?

When first meeting with Clients, many have the impression that having a clean driving record means that they have simply had no convictions in the last 3 years.

But that alone, doesn’t necessarily mean that you have a clean driving record.

It all depends on the circumstances in which you use the term.

When you are purchasing new insurance coverage, or renewing insurance, the common practice is for insurance companies to request a copy of your driving record for the previous 3 years. But, having no Traffic convictions in the past 3 years, does not necessarily mean that you have a clean driving record.

When you are dealing with the Prosecutors, they look at your entire driving history, and driving infractions do remain on your driving record further back than just three years.

So, while for insurance purposes, you may be considered to have a clean driving record for the past 3 years, when it comes to dealing with the Prosecution, any conviction you have obtained will have stayed with your driving record and may have an effect of how your case is handled in Court.

There is also another factor to take into consideration, as some charges, like Driving While Under Suspension can have additional penalties, if you have been convicted of the same offence before.

So what does that mean?

It means that if you were convicted of Driving While Under Suspension previously, and are subsequently charged with the same offence again; you will be placed into a higher penalty bracket than before.

Meaning, you are now facing greater fines, and the Prosecution may seek for a potentially far worse penalty,i.e. a term of imprisonment.

Subsequent offences like Driving Under Suspension, will never leave your record, and if you rack up numerous convictions in your lifetime, don’t be surprised if Crown Prosecutors are seeking a 6 month term of imprisonment.


Reporting an Accident

Fail to Report an accident

Reporting an accident is covered in the law, which is found in  section 199(1) of the Highway Traffic Act.

But not every accident has to be reported, as there are minimum requirements that must be met before you are compelled to report an accident.

Simply put, if you are directly or indirectly involved in an accident, which causes personal injury, or property damage exceeding $2,000 as defined by regulation, then you must report the accident.

So you have called the police, so now what?

Under the Highway Traffic Act, you have to furnish the particulars of the accident to the Police officer.

But it is recommended that you speak with a Licensed Paralegal first, as you have a Charter Right to remain silent.

Reporting accidents to the police is the law in certain circumstances, but it may be prudent to understand what consequences you may face before doing so.

Remember, you can be charged with an offence under Provincial law at any given point for up to 6 months after an incident. But, since there is no Statute of Limitations for criminal offences to be charged against you, it means, you can still be charged with a serious offence at any time in the future.

So the basic premise is, while you may have to report an accident, and give details as required by law.  By in doing so, it may incriminate you. So, you have a right to remain silent to avoid incriminating evidence being held against you.

You may now be thinking, is there a way to furnish the information required by law to report and accident, while evoking my right to remain silent?

Yes, there is a way to comply with the law, while evoking your Charter rights.

Can you prevent me from being charged?

While we can’t guarantee that you won’t be charged.

We can do our best to help avoid a charge being laid against you.

If you have been involved in a collision or accident, we can accompany you to a collision reporting centre, or police station to assist you with reporting an accident.

We have had great success in assisting our Clients with reporting accidents, and have been able to avoid traffic ticket charges from being laid against drivers.

Many drivers who have reported their own accidents, have been charged with offences such as  Careless Driving.  The ultimate decision whether to lay a charge rests with of the investigating or reporting office.

Remember, we are here to help you, and we have the knowledge and expertise to guide you throughout the legal process.

Don’t be afraid to call, as we are duty bound to keep your information confidential, even if you do not hire/retain our services.



In 2015, while I was working for Ontario Government, The Attorney General of Ontario introduced a consultation process dealing with Provincial Judicial Reform.

Why? Because the Ontario Courts are experiencing lengthy time delays for hearing trial matters.

The Attorney General’s Office notes that over 3 million Canadians have a criminal record. That is roughly 1 out of 10 people in Canada.

So if you have made a mistake in your past, and you believe that you have already paid your debt to society…. You may want to be assured that you can move forward with your life, without it holding you back in any way

But, a criminal record could affect your ability to gain employment, travel outside Canada, and prevent you from pursuing some educational opportunities.

So how can you clear the record from the past and move forward, fully reintegrated with society?

To give yourself the best opportunity of fully reintegrating in society, you can apply for a pardon (record suspension).

Depending on your eligibility, you may be able to apply for a record suspension in 5 or 10 years after a conviction.

Many criminal records are Summary Offences, and if you have been convicted of a Summary Offence you may be eligible to apply for a record suspension in 5 years from your conviction date.

A record suspension can set aside your criminal record, and remove the conviction from Canadian Police Information Centre (CPIC) database.

If you were convicted on an Indictable offence, you will have to wait 10 years before applying.

It is important to note, that there are some restrictions and limitations in applying for a record suspension.

Please visit the Government of Canada’s website to learn more.

You can also contact us at:  Lighthouse Legal Services  if you have any questions about Pardon applications


Attending Court

The Do’s and Dont’s of attending Court.

If you plan on attending Court, be prepared to spend the full day at Court, and book sufficient time off of work.

Just remember, that there are no time guarantees in Court.

ON any given day The Court could run out of time so, you may have to come back on a later date.

As result, your Charter Rights may or may not have violated under section 11(B) of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.

If your case, is postponed or delayed, you are welcome to contact us for a FREE consultation to learn more.

Lighthouse Legal Services receives a lot of questions about, “How early I should arrive at the Court?”

We suggest arriving 30 minutes in advance of your scheduled Court  time, just in case you are delayed by traffic, or can’t find parking.

Plus, if you are meeting with a Lighthouse Legal representative/Paralegal (If you have hired us of course), they always prefer to speak to the Client just prior to proceedings starting in Court.

Another question we always get asked from unrepresented Defendants is, “Do they call the Court List in alphabetical order.”

The short answer is, “No”. The Prosecutor or Crown Attorney can call the Court Docket as they see fit. Generally, the quicker / simpler matters will go first, and Trials will be heard last.

So try to be patient, if you arrive early, you may also get out early depending on if you plead guilty vs. not guilty.

 There are three A’s you should consider when attending Court. Attitude, Awareness, and Appearance.

If you go into Court with a poor attitude, or expect to be catered too, think again.

Traffic Court is not a Court of Convenience. While Court Staff will do their best to expedite your matters as quickly as they can, please do not expect to be catered to.

You need to attend on time, and be respectful to everyone that is in attendance in the Court building and Courtroom.

Awareness is another thing to consider. When you are in a Courtroom, do make sure your phone is turned off. Don’t bring a book inside with you to read. And don’t talk loudly with others in Court while sitting and observing other matters that are being heard by the Justice.

The presiding Justice may single you out for a few choice words if you are noisy and interrupt proceedings or start having casual conversations with those next to you.      You could even find yourself charged with being in Contempt of Court.

The best way to act, is with respect and quietly.

Finally, make sure you are dressed appropriately for Court. Don’t dress for the beach or a costume party. It’s best not to wear flip flops, tanks tops or anything else that could be considered offensive or inappropriate.

Over the years, I have seen a number of Defendant’s get into trouble inside the Courtroom for issues that don’t even relate to their charges. Just consider that if you dress or act inappropriately, it could end up delaying your matter from proceeding or concluding.

So just remember, that if you do plan on attending a day in Court, keep the following in mind,

  • Plan ahead, and make arrangements to be there all day
  • Arrive early
  • Be Patient
  • There are no guarantees, as to when you matter will be dealt with
  • Do not have a bad attitude, and try to stay positive
  • Be aware you are in a Courtroom (When Court is in session – Turn off Cell Phones, No Reading, & No Talking – unless called upon)
  • Dress Appropriately

If you are unsure about what to do, you can always contact us for a FREE consultation.

Change Lane – Not In Safety

Question: I was charged with “Change Lane – Not in Safety”.

Do I have to put on my indicator to make a lane change?

The Highway Traffic Act states the following,

142 (1) The driver or operator of a vehicle upon a highway before turning to the left or right at any intersection or into a private road or driveway or from one lane for traffic to another lane for traffic or to leave the roadway shall first see that the movement can be made in safety, and if the operation of any other vehicle may be affected by the movement shall give a signal plainly visible to the driver or operator of the other vehicle of the intention to make the movement.  R.S.O. 1990, c. H.8, s. 142 (1).

Answer: Yes, it is always prudent to indicate when making a lane change, especially if any movement you make may affect the operation of any other vehicle. If there are no other vehicles in your proximity, you may change lanes without indicating, as long as your movement doesn’t affect the operation of any other vehicles around you.

For safety reasons it is always advisable to always use your indicator, especially at night even when there is no other traffic around you, to help ensure that you are visible to other motorists.

Section 142(1) can also be used to charge Drivers  who allegedly Fail To Signal for Turn, or Turn – Not In Safety.

All of these traffic offences carry 2 Demerit points, and can possibly lead to increases in your auto insurance premiums, if you are convicted

Contact Lighthouse Legal Services if you have been charged with Section 142(1) of the Highway Traffic Act, and learn how we can help defend your charge for your Change Lane – Not In Safety, Turn – Not In Safety or Fail to Signal for Turn traffic ticket.

We offer FREE 30 minute consultation, and have can provide you with the best traffic ticket defence in Ontario.


Amber “Yellow” Lights

3 Demerit Points

Amber Light – Fail to Stop

Amber Light – Fail to Stop

Do you have to stop for an amber light? The legislation states you SHALL stop your vehicle if you can do so safely. But if you cannot stop your vehicle safely, you are allowed to proceed through the amber light with caution.

Highway Traffic Act, R.S.O. 1990, c. H.8

Section 144(15)

Amber light

(15) Every driver approaching a traffic control signal showing a circular amber indication and facing the indication shall stop his or her vehicle if he or she can do so safely, otherwise he or she may proceed with caution.  R.S.O. 1990, c. H.8, s. 144 (15).

Many motorists are shocked when they receive these types of offences, because they are under the impression that you can always proceed through an amber light.

But clearly, the legislation would like you to stop if you can, and allows you to proceed through, if you have to, and only if you can do so, with caution.

Amber Light – Fail to Stop charges carries 3 demerit points, and it can potentially increase your auto insurance premiums, if you decide not to defend  a Traffic Ticket charge and just pay the ticket automatically

Before you consider just paying the ticket, why not contact us for a FREE consultation.

We have experience defending fight Amber Light charges across Ontario in all the Courts.

Contact us for a FREE Quote now.